Are competent in key geographical skills
Teachers use the Progression of Knowledge and Skills document for Geography when creating their medium term planning. They then use this to plan their weekly sessions. Geography is taught in half-termly blocks, alternating with History and we ensure the progression grids are highlighted to ensure the full coverage of Geography takes place each year.
In EYFS, Geography is explored under the umbrella of ‘understanding the world’. Children focus on their local area and the journeys that they have been on, making key observations about different things they saw. The children are also taught how to recognise and explain some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries, drawing on knowledge from stories, non-fiction texts or maps. The learning is kept at a level that is relatable to the children so that they are able to express opinions about the world around them.
In Year 1, children broaden their knowledge of the world around them and begin to learn and think about the entirety of the United Kingdom. They learn about the four countries of the UK and their capital cities, demonstrating an ability to locate these on a map. Children will make observations about their local area and be able to discuss the physical and human features whilst using directional language when describing the location of said features.
During this year, children will also be able to describe the features of a hot and a cold place and will learn the key features of the seasons in the UK. In Year 2, children build on, deepen and secure their knowledge of the world around them and broaden their Geographical knowledge to that of a distant place. Children will learn about the similarities and differences between their town and somewhere abroad, focusing on key human and physical features. Children will learn about the seven continents of the world and the five oceans. They will be able to effectively use an atlas, world map and/or globe to support their learning. Children will also enhance their knowledge of the seasons and be able to discuss daily weather patterns in the UK.
Use of knowledge organisers and work in children’s books will show evidence of ‘progress’ as the children demonstrate their ability to ‘know more, remember more, and understand more’. Pupil voice is excellent evidence to support this.
The impact of our Geography curriculum is that children at Barnett Wood Infant School are able to talk confidently with empathy about the world in which they live, making links to Ashtead and the wider world using the correct geographical vocabulary to describe the similarities and differences in physical and human features. The children show curiosity about our world and the people who live in it and are equipped with the skills and knowledge necessary for the next step in their learning.